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  • What is Candidiasis?

    Candidiasis

    • Wide range of infections
    • Candida albicans is the most virulent species
    • Candida spp. are common organisms of the skin, GI and UG tracts.
    • Candidiasis is a disease of compromised hosts.

    Mucocutaneous (T CELL IMPAIRMENT)
    Systems affected:

    • GI tract, skin, vagina
    • Onychomycosis
    • Keratitis

    Symptoms: Odynophagia, stridor etc.
    Diagnosis: White pseudomembranous plaques with hyphae, pseudohyphae, and budding yeast.

    Direct smear of urine from a patient with candidiasis of the kidney showing C.albicans in mycelial or tissue with blastoconidia budding from the pseudohyphae

    Screening test for the identification of C.albicans.
    Production of germ tubes by C.albicans in serum or plasma after 2-3 hours incubation at 37 degree/Centigrade.

    > Groups at risk

    • HIV patients
    • Diabetics
    • Pregnancy
    • Age
    • Antibiotics
    • Steroids

    Chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis – autoimmune polyendocrinopathy candidosis ectodermal dystrophy
    • Inherited disorder of CMI to candida along with polyendocrinopathies
    • Intractable candida infection of the mucocutaneous areas
    • Concurrent adrenal insufficiency and hypoparathyroidism
    Type I diabetes

    • Hypothryroidism
    • Hypogonadism
    • Ectodermal dystrophy

    Deeply invasive Candidiasis (think CANCER)
    > Systems affected/ symptoms and signs:

    • Candidemia
    • Endocarditis – organism is sticky
    • Hepatosplenomegaly
    • Acute, shock-like syndrome
    • Renal dysfunction

    > At risk groups:  

    • Altered barriers
    • Neutropenia
    • Transplant
    • Hemodialysis

    > Pathogenesis

    • Adherence and colonization
    • Penetration through mucosal barriers and angioinvasions/access through catheters
    • Hematogenous spread
    • Replication yields necrosis +/- abscess with budding yeast and hyphae

    Look at the fundus!  Candida goes to the eyes!

    Virulence factors of Candida

    • Surface receptors
    • Cell wall is an immune modulator
    • Hydrolytic enzymes – e.g. acid protease, phospholipase
    • Host mimicry – e.g. C3D receptor
    • Dimorphism – makes it hardy!    >> Germ tube + species.

    Following are the examples of Candidiasis of some specific areas

    Angular Cheilitis an intertrigo and fissuring caused by maceration of the corners of the mouth is 
    frequently complicated by chronic infection with C.albicans.

    Interdigital Candidiasis of the hands may develop particularly in persons whose hands stay wet,
    especially with sugar solution or contact with flour.

    Interdigital candidiasis of the feet explain 1% of cases or athletes foot and must be distinguished from tinea pedis
    caused by dermatophytes

    Intertriginous or flexural candidiasis of the groin may also mimic tinea cruris caused by a dermatophyte.
    Note erythematous scaling lesions with distinctive border and several small satellite lesions.

    Intertriginous or flexural candidiasis behind the knee showing an extensive erythematous scaling lesion and several smaller satellite lesions caused by C.albic

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  • Breast Cancer: Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

     

     

     

    Breast cancer is a kind of cancer that develops from breast cells.

    Breast cancer usually starts off in the inner lining of milk ducts or the lobules that supply them with milk. A malignant tumor can spread to other parts of the body. A breast cancer that started off in the lobules is known aslobular carcinoma, while one that developed from the ducts is called ductal carcinoma.

     

     

     

    The vast majority of breast cancer cases occur in females. This article focuses on breast cancer in women. We also have an article about male breast cancer.

    Breast cancer is the most common invasive cancer in females worldwide. It accounts for 16% of all female cancers and 22.9% of invasive cancers in women. 18.2% of all cancer deaths worldwide, including both males and females, are from breast cancer.

    Breast cancer rates are much higher in developed nations compared to developing ones. There are several reasons for this, with possibly life-expectancy being one of the key factors - breast cancer is more common in elderly women; women in the richest countries live much longer than those in the poorest nations. The different lifestyles and eating habits of females in rich and poor countries are also contributory factors, experts believe.

    According to the National Cancer Institute, 232,340 female breast cancers and 2,240 male breast cancers are reported in the USA each year, as well as about 39,620 deaths caused by the disease.

     

     

     

    Symptoms of breast cancer


    Some of the possible early signs of breast cancer
    Wikimedia Commons

    A symptom is only felt by the patient, and is described to the doctor or nurse, such as a headache or pain. A sign is something the patient and others can detect, for example, a rash or swelling.

    The first symptoms of breast cancer are usually an area of thickened tissue in the woman's breast, or a lump. The majority of lumps are not cancerous; however, women should get them checked by a health care professional.

     

    source - cancer care

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  • Here’s Why Women are Giving Up on Wearing Underwear

     

    Underwear

     

    Wearing panties or knickers or whatever you’d like to call them can sometimes be uncomfortable. Usually, women find a brand or material that works for them and stick to it, but not only can underwear be uncomfortable sometimes, a new report suggests it can also affect your health..you know down there.

    According to gynecologist Nicholas Raine-Fenning from fertility clinic Nurture in Nottingham who spoke to Mail Online, wearing the wrong undies can actually cause some major problems.

    “It would be better to wear no knickers than the wrong kind of knickers – Nylon knickers ought to come with a health warning. They’re only acceptable for a short period of time, being a high risk factor for irritation.”

    He also said wearing them to bed is even riskier. It’s better to wear loose, cotton garments and if you must wear nylon underwear, make sure it has a cotton gusset.

     

    Apparently it’s not just your undies which can cause infections but also tight control pants.

    According to Dr. Raine-Fenning, these pants can put pressure on your abdomen. “Think of the abdomen as a balloon. If you compress it, the increase in pressure has to go somewhere. It is either directed to the pelvis (which could increase the risk of prolapse in susceptible women) or to the diaphragm, virtually creating the effect of a hiatus hernia – though it would be unlikely to actually cause one unless you were already at risk. But it means your stomach and oesophagus are pushed back into your chest, possibly leading to reflux.”

     

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  • If You Have A Half Moon On Your Palms, This Is What It Apparently Means

    The heart line on your palm, the one that originates from the base of the little finger can apparently tell you a whole lot of things about you. Bring both your palms together and try to look for the pattern they make.

    Source: Your Chinese Astrology

     

        

    Most people have a half-moon pattern on their palms when brought together, which apparently means that you have a strong-minded and self-asserted personality.

    Source: Indian Palm Reading

     

         

    It suggests that you are charming, attractive by nature and are likely to settle down with your childhood friend, or someone who lives overseas. However, people under this category crave love but don't go around asking for it. Your highly strong minded, determined personality makes you tackle any difficult situation. You are not afraid to take the plunge for anything and this is what makes you stand out in the crowd. 

    And we're not done yet, because there is a percentage of people who do not have a half moon on their palms.

    If your palms form a straight line, then you apparently have a gentle and calm attitude, and like to do things the smooth way.

    Source: Reddit

     

       

    If you have an abrupt line on your palms, you like to be around older people.

    A person with an abrupt line on his or her palm likes to be around old and mature people and for the same reason, are likely to settle down with someone who is much older to them. They have little or no interest in what people think about them.

    Source: Sun Gazing

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  • How to fall sound asleep in just one minute

    It all began a week before my best friend’s wedding. I was due to give a speech, and I’d become so incredibly nervous that I just couldn’t fall asleep whatever I tried.

    After three days without rest, I asked the bride’s mother (who taught meditation classes) what to do. She claimed to have just the trick to solve my problem. It not only worked, but also changed my life!

    It’s called the ’4-7-8′ method. This is what you need to do:

    1. Breathe calmly through your nose for 4 seconds.

    2. Hold your breath for 7 seconds.

    3. Breathe out slowly through your mouth for 8 seconds.

     

    It’s really that simple. It may sound crazy, but it really works.

     

    How it works

    I assumed she’d just been joking. To my complete surprise, however, I woke up the next morning, realising only then that I hadn’t even managed to count up to 8 at the end of the exercise before I’d fallen asleep.

    This is what I found out about how it works. When you’re stressed or anxious, the amount of adrenaline in your blood increases, and your breathing gets faster and lighter. This breathing exercise acts as a kind of sedative. Deliberately slowing down your breathing in this way forces the rhythm of your heart to slow down, making you calm very quickly; it’s simple physiology!

    The same exercise helps to calm down your mind, too, simply because it makes you concentrate entirely on your breathing. You don’t realise it, but at this moment your central nervous system gradually reduces its activity, and feelings of anxiety disappear. Any neurologist can confirm this for you.

    The result is that your whole body relaxes. In terms of the speed and strength of the physical effect it has, the exercise is similar to an anaesthetic. It was investigated by Harvard medical doctor Andrew Weil, who found that the ’4-7-8′ method has been well-known to Indian yogi for several centuries. They use it during meditation practice in order to achieve a state of complete relaxation. It’s safe to say, therefore, that it’s completely harmless.

     

    How it can be useful to you, specifically

    I can tell you one thing for certain: if this exercise has anything like the same effect on you as it does on me, it’ll help you fall asleep much, much faster, and in all kinds of situations. If you wake up late at night because something’s bugging you, for example, it will help. The same goes for when you’re feeling nervous ahead of a competition or an important life event. The ’4-7-8′ method is guaranteed to let you get the rest you need!

    From that moment before the wedding I’ve been using it every night, and every time I get up in the morning I’m amazed at just how well it works!

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  • 6 signs that your kidney is in danger

     

     

    Did you know symptoms like dry and itchy skin, fatigue could be indicating kidney failure?

    While we become more concerned about the most talked about lifestyle induced conditions like hypertension, blood pressure, diabetes, we often forget that our vital organs also need equal care and attention. Some of the signs of organ failure are so subtle that you never know you were suffering from something grave until you reach a point from where there is no turning back. The story is the same with your kidneys too. This is one reason kidney failure is usually detected very late. However, your body sends you warning signals much before, only if you pay heed to the same. Here are some early signs of kidney failure:

     

    1. Change in urine pattern

     

    The first sign of kidney failure is problems with your urine pattern or urination. The early signs of kidney malfunction might start with frequent urination at night, increase or decrease in urine output, dark coloured urine, an urge to urinate without being able to do so. And you can gradually suffer from painful urination indicating a urinary tract infection, foamy urine (due to protein leakage), stains of blood in urine. If you notice any of these signs, it is worrisome for your kidneys.

     

    2. Swelling or edema

    One of the most crucial functions of the kidneys is to flush out toxins and impurities and keep your system clean. However, when the arteries and capillaries in your kidneys get damaged this hinders the process of excretion of wastes. Then there is a build up of excess water and salt in the body which gets deposited in different parts of the body which leads to puffiness or swelling usually seen in the feet, hands and under the eyes.

     

     

    3. Itchy and dry skin

    Since the kidneys help to flush out toxins from the body, this keeps the red blood cells healthy and maintain the right nutrient and mineral balance in the. When there is an imbalance of minerals and nutrients and more wastes in the blood it can cause dry and itchy skin. This is often confused with skin allergy or rashes. However, if you notice the other symptoms of kidney disease like the frequent urge to urinate, edema along with this symptom it’s time to go to the doctor and get checked.

     

    4. Lack of appetite:

    There are no initial symptoms of kidney failure so when they start to deteriorate the first thing that happens to your body is an overload of toxins and wastes build-up. This is what gives rise to a variety of signs and symptoms, and lack of appetite is one of them. In fact, this is one of the most common symptoms of kidney failure.

     

    5. Extreme fatigue:

    When kidneys cease to function, they stop secreting a very important hormone callederythroprotien which helps in the production of red blood cells. These red blood cells help to supply oxygen and nutrient to every part of the body to sustain your energy levels and provide with nutrition. But due to kidney failure when there is less production of red blood cells, this could lead to a drop in haemoglobin levels and result in anaemia. Of the other problems that can arise due to anaemia, extreme fatigue could be one of them. However, most often this important sign is ignored and mistaken to general tiredness. As your kidneys keep deteriorating it could also lead to muscle cramping and pain.

    6. Nausea and vomiting:

    All these toxic build-ups can lead to nausea and vomiting which is another symptom which is highly ignored.

     

    Source:http://www.thehealthsite.com

    Disclaimer: Tadiyasaddis.com does not guarantee any specific results as a result of the procedures mentioned here and the results may vary from person to person. The topics in these pages including text, graphics, videos and other material contained on this website are for informational purposes only and not to be substituted for professional medical advice.

     

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  • Why its very Important to Urinate After Having Seks

     

     

    It is very important to go for pee just after Seks, it can save you from severe urinary tract infection (UTI), which can be painful and require antibiotics.

    By having seks, those microbes and bacteria in the genital area and rectum can enter and accumulate in the urethra, running the risk of infection occur in the bladder. In fact, it has been shown that this is one of the most common causes of urinary tract infections in women, and that is why, in order to avoid it, experts stress the importance to urinate right after seks.

    Furthermore, doctors say, unlike men, female ejaculation does not occur through the urethra so the only way to draw and expel all those substances or particles that are introduced during penetration is through urination, so it is recommended not to forget this, once completed intercourse. It is advised not to take your time and to urinate preferably within 45 minutes after penetration.

     

    source:https://glowpink.com

     

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  • What your fingerprints say about who you are

     

    There is a scientific study of fingerprints called dermatoglyphics, and it helps us understand how the patterns on our fingertips relate to our personality and behavioral patterns.

    We at Bright Side were fascinated to find it, and we are now showing it to you in hopes that you’ll learn something new about yourself.

     

    Loops are the most common pattern for Europeans. It corresponds with a calm and balanced personality. People with such fingerprints are usually sympathetic and try to help others; they are also quick to make friends. While very diligent and responsible, they rarely take initiative.

    The major source of information and feelings for such people is interaction with others.

    They are emotionally predictable and open-hearted and usually possess good or excellent health, although they might be quite sickly as kids. The character of a person with the loop pattern is sanguine, as a rule. They loathe tedious work they have no interest in. If you have loops on all your fingertips, then you have a strong imagination and are something of a daydreamer, or what you’d call «starry-eyed.»

     

    People with this pattern are energetic and confident. You can see their confidence in everything — their posture, gait, manners, and movements. Sometimes it’s bordering on stubbornness; you can almost never make them change their mind and admit their fallacy, and any decision they make is final for them. Concrete thinking is predominant here. Such people usually have trouble adapting to changing environments and listening to others’ opinions. They gather impressions mainly from practical activities, although they often prefer to use other people to reach their goals.

    The character of a person with the curve pattern is choleric. They value art and music, and they have expressive or even artistic body language.

    They have to be busy with something in times of trouble. No softness should be expected from these people, but they are extraordinarily loyal and will never give up on their friends.

     

     

    People with swirled patterns on their fingers are short-tempered, but ungrudging. They are naturally talented, quick to grasp, and ready to analyze their surroundings. It’s often the case that they start several jobs at once and give them up halfway through, having lost interest. Such people usually have a combustible and unstable personality, and they are unpredictable and prone to hide their true feelings and thoughts. They tend to seek solace and self-reflection. You often see them dissatisfied with themselves and doubting everyone and everything. Their source of impressions is inside themselves, while the information is obtained from written accounts.

    Their personality type here is phlegmatic. The speech of such a person is rather expressionless, quiet, and a bit slow. If the individual has swirls on both their index fingers, then they are born thinkers. They are often keen on programming, legal studies, and research.

    To summarize the above, people with the swirl pattern have a versatile and complex personality, and sometimes they don’t even know what they are capable of.

     

    Source: Uglion

     

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  • Be Aware Of THIS: These 9 Changes On Your Tongue Reveal Almost All Your Diseases

     

     

    As surprising as it may sound, your tongue reveals a lot about your health. No wonder every doctor’s appointment start with tongue examination. 

    Even Chinese medicine agrees that the tongue can point to all diseases affecting a person. That’s why it’s recommended to consult an otorhinolaryngologist in case you notice changes in your tongue’s appearance. 

    For your reference, these 9 changes on the tongue can indicate health problems: 

    1. A thin white layer, apparent tooth marks and several red dots – these are the symptoms that point to a lack of energy in the body. This in turn leads to fatigue, poor appetite and excessive sweating. Lack of energy also affects a person’s mood and increases their anxiety.
    2. A thin yellow layer in the middle surrounded by the red surface of the tongue – such tongue appearance indicate digestive issues, dehydration as well as skin diseases. Also, people with these symptoms on their tongue suffer from frequent mood swings.
    3. Mass white layer with swollen edges of the tongue – this symptom is linked to improper function of the digestive system and susceptibility to water retention. People with this symptom often feel tired and lethargic.
    4. Black spots on purple surface – this points to a compromised circulatory system function, so people with this symptom can suffer from varicose veins, feeling of heaviness in their legs, headache, chest pain and dull skin.
    5. A thin white layer accompanied by a red tongue tip – this symptom indicates excessive exposure to stress resulting from an unstable emotional state. Also, the body energy is accumulated in the nodes causing inflammation.
    6. Red tongue with thick yellow layers in the middle – this points to an elevated body temperature, which may be the result of urinary tract infection or skin problems. People with this symptom are also often nervous because they feel uncomfortable in their body.
    7. A thick white layer in the middle of a pale swollen tongue – this appearance indicates an infection or inflammation linked to an autoimmune disease, or vitamin and mineral deficiencies. This condition causes a pale complexion, spinal pain and a feeling of panic.
    8. Cracks on a red tongue surface – this points to a fungal infection in the body, and is often accompanied by night sweats, sleeplessness and irritability.
    9. A pale tongue without deposits – this symptom suggests reduced blood flow in the body, and possibly anemia, which in turn leads to dizziness and exhaustion. People with this symptom often lack focus and memory. In women, such tongue can indicate a possible hormonal imbalance.

     

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  • 10 THINGS YOU SHOULD NEVER PUT ON YOUR FACE! (NUMBER 9 WILL COMPLETELY DISAPPOINT YOU)

     

    Unfortunately, the Internet is loaded with many different DIY remedies, tips and methods – including skin care tips. Well, we’re not saying that they’re bad for you! We’re just saying that you should be very careful because some of them can do more harm than good! Yes, some of these homemade skin remedies can do more damage to your skin – than improve its health. As we said, there are many different homemade skin care tips, homemade creams, and other DIY skin care products on the internet today! But, you should be very careful and avoid using this 10 homemade remedies and ingredients!

     

    1. Hairspray

    You’ve probably noticed that many different home remedies for skin care include hairspray! Why – because the hairspray will help you dry out the acne and help you with other skin problems. Yes, hairspray will dry out your skin and acne, but it will also clog your pores and lead to irritation of the skin.

    1. Body Lotion

    The body lotion is called body lotion for a good reason – it is specially designed for your body, not your face. The skin on your body is much thicker and more resistant. And, you should know that the body lotions usually contain more aroma and fewer ingredients that are intended to moisturize.

    1. Toothpaste

    Many people around the world apply toothpaste on their face – usually to dry out the acne. Yes, this will help you with your acne problems, but, unfortunately, it will also irritate the skin and can cause serious skin problems, such as chemical burns or scars.

    1. Vaseline

    Many people around the world use Vaseline to moisturize their dry or chapped skin. You can also use this ingredient to treat bites from bugs or cuts, but, you should be very careful because this ingredient is not the best solution for your face. When you apply Vaseline for the first time, you usually get that feeling like it’s too moisturizing and softening your skin, but it actually leads to more pimples and dry condition.

     
    1. Hot water

    We all love a hot and steamy shower. But, you should be very careful, because too much hot water will soften the natural oils and remove the protective barrier that keeps moisture from escaping. This will cause more dryness.

    1. Hydrogen Peroxide

    Many people around the world use this powerful ingredient to prevent infection of minor cuts and burns, but – you should know that hydrogen peroxide isn’t a good choice for treating acne. Many experts around the world also say that hydrogen peroxide can cause inflammation and allergic reactions.

    1. Sugar

    Many different DIY skin care products contain sugar, right? This is another idea that seems like it will work, but it actually does more harm than good. As we mentioned before, your facial skin is not as elastic as the skin on your body. This ingredient may be good for your body or your feet, but it can damage your skin on the face.

    1. Alcohol

    Alcohol can be beneficial for many different things, but not for your face. The alcohol may be used to sterilize the wound and prevent infection. When you apply alcohol on your face, you can feel the freshness, but it can actually dissolve the DNA of your skin cells, resulting in dead skin cells.

    1. Baking soda

    We all know that baking soda has a rough texture and consistency, which is the main reason why many people think that this is the best ingredient for skin peeling. The experts say that maintaining the natural pH balance is vital to have a healthy skin. So, if you use baking soda to restore this balance, it will damage your skin and prevent it being able to retain moisture.

    1. Lemon

    You should know that the lemon can disrupt your pH balance from your face, which means that you should avoid using any of these items on site. As we said you should avoid these 10 ingredients, because they can do more harm than good! We really hope you find this article helpful and don’t forget to share it with your friends and family. Thank You and take care!

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